Colliding continents, erupting volcanoes and moving ice sheets are some of the ways in which the diversity of Scotland's natural landscape was created. In the distant geological past, Scotland travelled towards the South Pole and wandered the southern hemisphere, before drifting to its present latitude. In the process it passed through all the Earth's climatic zones. The landmass which we now call Scotland carried an ever-changing cargo of plants and animals, many of them now extinct. For its size, Scotland has the most varied geology and natural landscape of any country on the planet. The creation of this natural landscape is a fascinating story, barely believable in part and certainly never dull.